Annotated Bibliography


BEN. (2010, December 11). CITP: Helping New Software Professionals Get Ahead In Their Careers. How To Become An IT Professional. Retrieved March 25, 2014, from

This article discusses three of the main skills needed to be an IT Professional. The introduction of is what caught my attention, as it states: “Being an IT professional is more than just learning a programming language and getting a job. A complete IT professional has many traits – and they use these traits to stand out from the crowd and become a better employee – and ultimately make more money!” I agree with that statement because many people believe that knowing a select area of the field automatically classifies them as a professional. However, there are certain professional skills that one should have (in any field) to be a true professional. The three skills discussed in this article are: technical skills, people skills, and work and time management. Each skill describes ways to exude the skills and excel with that particular skill. In the field of IT, I believe that those are three major skills that anyone, who considers themselves an IT professional, should encompass. 

Heller, M. (2012, August 27). Five Best Practices for IT Governance. CFO. Retrieved March 31, 2014, from

This article starts out by explaining how many company’s CFOs feel as though their IT governance is not as effective as it should be- they tend to be more restrictive in IT decision-making. Heller lists and gives an in depth description of five best practices that will help IT governance: 1. Get your business priorities straight, 2. Use the rear-view mirror, 3. Keep it small and elite, 4. Don’t mistake good governance for project success, 5. Right-size your approach and stick with it. While this article is seemingly more geared toward an audience of CFOs or top-level management, I think it is a good starting point for any level of management. If only top level managers deal with IT governance, then it is bound to be ineffective, in my opinion. 

Information Technology (IT) Policy Making. (n.d.). The Southeast ADA Center Education Leadership Academy . Retrieved March 11, 2014, from

This particular source is like most that I found when doing a Google search for “IT Policy.” This particular website is a division of higher education but it doesn’t fail to provide the page visitor with quick but detailed information on IT policy and its importance. Although the focus of this page is education driven, the reader can quickly understand that “policies are used to set a standard for performance,” and how technology policies are required of all states and school districts. The main fact of importance in IT policy from this source is clearly stated as a means of protection from “non-compliance with the law.”

Johnson, D. (2012, November 26). 4 Key Elements: Strategic IT Plans.InformationWeek. Retrieved March 11, 2014, from

Johnson starts off by using a description of air travel to relay, to the reader, a better understanding of IT strategy. He then goes into explaining that one third of all IT projects will “crash” before they get a chance to really get started. The reason behind that is due to the fact that planning is done with vague visions of “the elements of strategy [being] rooted in hope.” The remainder of the article goes on to explain four elements that Johnson sees as key to any IT strategic plan.

Musthaler, L., & Musthaler, B. (2008, May 26). IT governance best practices are critical for business success. Network World. Retrieved March 17, 2014, from

This article gives a thorough explanation on how/why best practices are important components of successful IT governance in a business. There is also mention of statistics surrounding “organizations with the most mature practices” and other financial characteristics such as higher profits, lower spending on regulatory audit, etc. Towards the end of the article there are some points shown that directly relate to some of the best practices that can be used in IT governance. This particular article does a good job in giving information about IT governance best practices based on a study that was done. Instead of just listing best practices the article shows how the best practices directly relate.

Olsen, E. (n.d.). Major Components of a Strategic Plan. For Dummies. Retrieved March 11, 2014, from

This article originates from a “cheat sheet” from one of the “For Dummies” book series about strategic planning. Olsen believes that while strategic plans can encompass a variety of content, they all have common components. She lists these eleven components in the order which they are usually developed during the strategic planning. The list includes components such as: mission and vision statements, SWOT, competitive advantage, and scorecard just to name a few. With each component, Olsen gives the reader a brief description or definition that helps the reader to better understand how the component contributes to IT strategy.

Perkins, K. (2010, August 3). The Top 10 Strategic Planning Best Practices.OnStrategy. Retrieved March 17, 2014, from

This is a short article that lists 10 of the top best practices for IT strategy. The article starts out by stating how strategic planning works best by reviewing tips from those who have previously dealt with strategic planning. After reading each of the ten tips, I think that each one is useful and good advice for someone who is doing any kind of strategic planning within an organization.

Shuptar, D. (2012, May 7). IT Governance- What is It and Why is It Important?. SAP Business Innovation. Retrieved March 11, 2014, from

In this article, Shuptar focuses on explaining what IT Governance is and reasons why it is valued within IT and business. He starts off by giving his motivation for digging deeper into IT governance and its importance- it being a common topic amongst “customers seeking to improve overall performance.” The acronym RACE is used to describe main components of IT governance (responsibility, authority, communication, empowering) and how each relates to IT governance. Shuptar also touches on how IT and business goals need to be “clearly tied together” for governance to be effective.

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